Childhood psychopathology case study
To highlight the new directions, I consider research on children assumed to be at high-risk for psychopathology, behavioral assessment, and taxonomic research. The study of psychopathology in middle childhood requires a blending of research on developmental processes and sequences with clinically oriented research on individual differences.
Childhood maltreatment predicts unfavorable course of illness and treatment outcome in depression: a meta-analysis. Although most participants were able to disengage from this type of ruminative thinking, those individuals who continued to ruminate showed attentional biases away from positive stimuli 7.
How to write a case study of a child
The Role Of Research In Dispelling Myths Dispelling myths may seem like a prosaic task for research, yet false assumptions about the causes and cures of psychopathology are pernicious and must be unmasked through programmatic research. They found smaller amygdala volumes in children exposed to these different forms of stress, with brain development associated with both greater cumulative stress exposure and the emergence of child behavioral problems. Sex differences in childhood psychopathology: A review. In other cases they have been geared to a particular sample of convenience that was selected for ready availability rather than representativeness e. Despert, L. Thus, although cruelty to animals was reported for more boys than girls, it covaried consistently with a particular set of other behaviors to form a syndrome among disturbed girls but not among boys. References Achenbach, T. Because it is assumed that a specific disease underlies each symptom pattern, the nosological approach puts great emphasis on identifying each disorder in a present versus absent fashion.
Recognizing emotion in faces: developmental effects of child abuse and neglect. McSweeney, editor;S. Children who showed these behaviors but for whom there was no direct evidence of brain damage were assumed to have subtle brain damage and were labeled with such terms as the following: Strauss syndrome, diffuse brain damage, minimal brain damage, minimal brain dysfunction, and minimal cerebral dysfunction.
Child development case study of 5 year old
Distractibility in children vulnerable to psychopathology. Girls with histories of physical abuse showed higher levels of urinary oxytocin and lower levels of salivary cortisol following the stressor when compared to controls Current thinking is that the basal ganglia guide learning based on assessments of the probability of a positive outcome, while the orbitofrontal cortex represents gain-loss information and, together, these systems provide a robust way for the organism to learn from and adapt to the environment Section 2: The Intervention The second section of your paper will focus on the intervention used to help the client. However, when this is done, it provides a normative data base with which to compare findings obtained by the same procedures in new contexts. Nervous Child Toxic or extreme levels of early life stress exposure may impair this system The behavioral assessment method par excellence is the structured recording of behaviors as they occur in natural settings. Integrating research about the neurobiology of learning may prove to be a powerful way to test novel hypotheses about how the environment comes to regulate behavior. What the animal studies can do is to control for confounding variables that are not possible to account for in studies of humans, where we need to be opportunistic in our research. How can developmentally sophisticated research be used to help troubled children? As Mednick's subjects were followed into young adulthood, some manifested severe psychopathology. The author thanks A.
O'Donnell, C. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders The approach has also manifested itself with a renewed emphasis among researchers on the interactions between persons and their environments. Normal children, retarded children with brain damage, and retarded children without known brain damage were compared on various perceptual and cognitive tasks.
Department of Health and Human Services.
Case study psychology example
This biological flexibility seems quite logical: through experience, individuals use information about the world they are growing up in, changing DNA to cope with the environment. Implications Of Recent Research: Some New Directions Recent research has not only helped to dispel myths but has also opened new perspectives on the developmental aspects of psychopathology. Yet, these social interactions with primary caregivers are the primary basis upon which these children begin to learn about their social environment. Indeed, reward learning is currently a central topic of exploration among psychopathologists see Maj M. The medication did not help. Some of these resemble syndromes that are also evident in nosological approaches, whereas others do not have clear counterparts in psychiatric nosology. The traditional separation of these contrasting but equally necessary approaches has limited our understanding of the relationships between normal developmental mechanisms and pathological deviations of development. Secondary prevention, for example, refers to preventing conditions that are evident from causing further harm. Psychol Rev. Include factors such as age, gender, work, health status, family mental health history, family and social relationships, drug and alcohol history, life difficulties, goals, and coping skills and weaknesses. Environmental factors related to schizophrenia in psychophysiologically labile high-risk males.
based on 95 review