Compare and contrast the major perspectives in psychology

Behaviorism differs from many other perspectives because instead of emphasizing internal states, it focuses solely on observable behaviors. The influence of these theories affects us every day and throughout our lives, impacting everything from why we follow the rules of the road when driving to how advertising companies build campaigns to get us to buy their products.

Research in this field focuses on areas such as: understanding and anticipating the range of conscious and unconscious responses to specific sensory inputs, such as images, colors, textures, sounds, etc. Because of the inherent subjective nature of the humanistic approach, psychologists worry that this perspective does not identify enough constant variables in order to be researched with consistency and accuracy.

The third level, love and belonging, is the psychological need to share oneself with others. Well, that also comes from Freud's theories, and it was an idea that revolutionized how we see ourselves.

Behaviorist Perspective If your layperson's idea of psychology has always been about people in laboratories wearing white coats and watching hapless rats try to negotiate mazes in order to get to their dinner, then you are probably thinking about behavioral psychology.

Since Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology lab inpsychologists have studied various aspects of human behavior, such as personality, brain functions and socio-cultural influences.

6 psychological perspectives

We interpret that stimulus using our thought processes. Cognitive psychologists often utilize an information-processing model, comparing the human mind to a computer, to conceptualize how information is acquired, processed, stored, and utilized.

compare and contrast two psychological perspectives

What are your concerns? Whether you are right or not, in a larger sense, you are motivated to be the best person you can be.

Compare and contrast the major perspectives in psychology

The main tenet of cultural psychology is that mind and culture are inseparable and mutually constitutive, meaning that people are shaped by their culture and their culture is also shaped by them. The growth that children experience as a result of these interactions differs greatly between cultures; this variance allows children to become competent in tasks that are considered important or necessary in their particular society. Research in this field focuses on areas such as: understanding and anticipating the range of conscious and unconscious responses to specific sensory inputs, such as images, colors, textures, sounds, etc. Researchers who take a biological perspective on psychology might look at how genetics influence different behaviors or how damage to specific areas of the brain influence behavior and personality. This study demonstrated how emotions could become conditioned responses. Skinner, describes a form of learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened depending on its association with either positive or negative consequences. The Behavioral Perspective Behaviorism is an approach to psychology that emerged in the early 20th century as a reaction to the psychoanalytic theory of the time. Therefore behavior occurs for a reason, and the three main behavior shaping techniques are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. Or why you remember certain events but not others? Behaviorism also believes in scientific methodology e.

The humanistic perspective suggests that we are each responsible for our own happiness and well-being as humans. This subfield of psychology is concerned with the way such feelings, thoughts, beliefs, intentions, and goals are constructed, and how these psychological factors, in turn, influence our interactions with others.

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5 Major Theoretical Perspectives of Psychology Explained