Comparison of first and second wave movements essay

It is a vision of a society where women are liberated and sex role stereotypes are no more.

First wave feminism in britain

Yet Mohanty's work shifts the emphasis of first-wave feminism, whether in Western or non-Western contexts. This causes women to lose their own identities in that of their family. In Britain, the representation of the people act was passed. First-wave feminism promoted equal contract and property rights for women, opposing ownership of married women by their husbands. Google Scholar Spurlin, W. In fact most work in the second wave was actually a continuation of earlier work that had been done during the first wave. The first wave movement began as far back as the eighteenth century and its purpose was to protect women against being treated like objects in US policy. Antiessentialism, Fraser writes, with its theory of performativity, rejects any notion of a shared, ontological identity as always necessarily exclusionary In , her book The Feminine Mystique criticized the idea that women could find fulfillment only through childrearing and homemaking. Yet that position, the need for group identification, has always been a paradoxical one for feminism, giving rise, especially in the second wave, to a tension between group identity on the one hand, and acknowledgement of diversity on the other.

Compare to first-wave feminism in which advocates sought for women suffrage, this feminist movement, which had a broader and deeper influence, focused on dealing with issues which hindered legal sexual equality, rights to reproduce as well as family roles. To some extent this is actually true because there were certain issues in the first wave that could not be addressed during the second wave.

This was a new phenomenon that had not been realized in the first wave.

Comparison of first and second wave movements essay

Google Scholar Friedman, S. The use of this term is therefore very misleading to those who are trying to understand it.

How did the second wave of feminism affect society

One example was the fact that certain sexual rights were a no-gone-zone during the first wave. Salons were gatherings for intellectual discussion. For example at the beginning of the first wave, greater concern was given to the issue of ownership of property especially following the practices of chattel marriage where children and wives were all treated as property belonging to the husband of the household. Designating a binding ideology rather than a notion of woman's sphere that prevailed in the women's movement of the nineteenth century, feminism, Cott says, was part of a broader rebellious spirit of the early twentieth century that included, for example, the birth control movement and internationalism, as represented by the League of Nations and the International Workers of the World Cott, The two waves differed from one another largely because the reasons behind their emergence were quite different. Extent to which the wave analogy is useful The use of the wave analogy is particularly useful in this regard because it is used to describe separate periods in history. However, later on, the second wave changed adversely because now people were more concerned with the restoration of certain forms of political power. Such a reorientation enabled feminists to theorize feminism's relation to other political struggles

This ideology seeks to challenge the definitions of femininity that grew out of the ideas of the second-wave, arguing that the second-wave over-emphasized experiences of upper middle-class white women. In other words, women during the second wave were more daring than they were in the first.

2nd vs 3rd wave feminism

It is an analysis of why and how women are oppressed. First-wave feminism promoted equal contract and property rights for women, opposing ownership of married women by their husbands.

Second wave feminism r=h:edu

The two waves differed from one another largely because the reasons behind their emergence were quite different. Yet that position, the need for group identification, has always been a paradoxical one for feminism, giving rise, especially in the second wave, to a tension between group identity on the one hand, and acknowledgement of diversity on the other. Compare to first-wave feminism in which advocates sought for women suffrage, this feminist movement, which had a broader and deeper influence, focused on dealing with issues which hindered legal sexual equality, rights to reproduce as well as family roles. By an annual All-India Women's Conference had been established that addressed the social and legal status of women, including labour problems and women's education. References DuBois, E. Extent to which the analogy is problematic The wave analogy creates a picture of there being a distinct difference during these two time periods. The first phase of the women's movement in non-Western contexts is roughly coterminous with the Western understanding of the first wave and often connected to women's participation in the anti-colonial nationalist movement from the late nineteenth century to the s.
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Comparison of first and second wave movements Essay Example