In this sense, law and other agencies may be used to construct interests by providing individuals with the motives to pursue courses of action beneficial to the community. Bentham's analytical and empirical method is especially obvious when one looks at some of his main criticisms of the law and of moral and political discourse in general.
Locke says that these operations are innate in which they are part of human nature. In his earliest work, A Fragment on Governmentwhich is an excerpt from a longer work published only in as Comment on Blackstone's Commentaries, Bentham attacked the legal theory of Sir William Blackstone.
Or may we expect rulers to behave like other mortals, and continue to pursue their own interests through the coercive instrumentality of government? According to Bentham, then, the term "natural right" is a "perversion of language.
Unlike him, his colleague John Locke did not have the same broad-minded idea.
Unlike some of the previous attempts at articulating a universal hedonism, Bentham's approach is thoroughly naturalistic. Bentham severed this friendly relationship by totally rejecting natural rights. How can the legislator possibly know which measures will promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number?
These included: the elimination of royal patronage, a substantial extension of the franchise, annual elections by secret ballot, the election of intellectually qualified and independent members of parliament with a system of fines to ensure regular attendance, and the accurate and regular publication of parliamentary debates.
Like many of their American counterparts, they believed that a majority could tyrannize over a minority as surely as any tyrant. The drafts he wrote in —10 provided the outlines for his first public statement in support of representative democracy in Plan of Parliamentary Reform in the Form of a Catechism with Reasons for Each Article