Differences between juvenile adult justice
There are three typical ways that a case can be transferred from juvenile court jurisdiction to adult court: judicial waiver laws, prosecutorial discretion or concurrent jurisdiction laws, and statutory exclusion laws.
Juvenile Classification In most states, an individual charged with a crime who is between the ages of 10 and 18 is considered a juvenile.
He estimated about 75 percent of Cook County's juvenile offenders go on to lead successful lives, if they receive appropriate treatment and support. Trying Juveniles as Adults, supra. Both of these legal concepts allows for the person charged with a crime from being convicted of the crime.
Murder, in adult courts, carries a penalty of 20 to 60 years in prison.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention report evaluated a study of outcomes for juveniles prosecuted in adult court rather than in juvenile court and found that there were counter-deterrent effects of transfer laws.
This is prison," said Jennifer Vollen-Katz, director of the juvenile justice project for the John Howard Association, a prison reform group.
Juvenile justice system
In addition, according to the U. Differences A juvenile is never guilty of an actual crime, per say, but instead a delinquent act. Juvenile courts tend to be more informal. If you or your child is charged with a juvenile crime, you need an experienced criminal defense attorney who is also experienced in juvenile court. For defendants who violate those conditions, sanctions -- including possible probation revocation -- are immediate, Hutt said. Their cases are decided by a judge alone. A formal hearing and guidelines are in place to assist the judicial waiver process. Statistics compiled from 15 states revealed that juveniles prosecuted in adult court and released from state prisons were rearrested 82 percent of the time, while their adult counterparts were rearrested 16 percent less. Hutt said public defenders in the juvenile division in Cook County often secure probation for clients who plead guilty. Similarities There are, of course, mostly huge differences between the adult criminal justice system and that of juveniles. Results of those policies demonstrate that they have failed as recidivism rates for juveniles increased when prosecuted in adult court versus juvenile court. No Juries In most jurisdictions, including Minnesota, when juvenile cases go to trial, the child is not afforded a jury trial like in adult court. As you can see, handling a juvenile criminal case is much different than an adult criminal case. In these states, if a juvenile is age 16 or 17, and gets charged with any criminal offense, the case is originated and tried in adult criminal court. According to Hutt, the most successful outcomes result when juvenile defendants receive counseling or treatment while living as normal a life as possible in their own homes.
Violent crime rates and juvenile crime have been in a steady decline over the past 20 years; however, reforms to restore the juvenile court system to its original vision have not been as swift.
Conviction vs. In the s, a series of cases made their way to the U. The goal in the juvenile system is to rehabilitate the juvenile and serve their best interest.
After the adjudicated hearing, the judge will decide the disposition of the case as to whether the juvenile is guilty or not guilty of committing a delinquent act.
based on 44 review