This is because in the old days of printing, before computers, the metal blocks for setting type were kept in two different boxes or "cases": small letters in the bottom or lower case, large letters in the top or upper case. Old fonts such as Bodoni, Caslon, and Garamond have been in wide use for centuries, with only slight modifications.
Our present Roman system derives from this Phoenician alphabet, which had 22 letters. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The terms uppercase and lowercase originated in the days of handset type for printing presses.
Main article: Letter frequencies The average distribution of letters, or the relative frequency of each letter's occurrence in text in a given language, can be obtained by analyzing large amounts of representative text. Small letters are sometimes called "lower case" and large letters "upper case".
Typeface and font[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Each column displays a different font style, in this order: Serif: with serifs, or little projections, at the end of most strokes Fixed-width: like old typewriter lettering - each letter is about the same width, so "i" takes up the same space as "w" Sans-serif: with no serifs Fantasy: fancy, artistic Alphabetical Order The English alphabet starts with the letter a and finishes with the letter z.
Capital letters are most often used at the beginning of a sentence, as the first letter of a proper name or title, or in headers or inscriptions.