Historical turning points from progressive era through the great depression
Veterans of the Mexican-American War and Union veterans of the Civil War could receive pensions automatically at age 62, regardless of disability.
I know from my experience it is up to the working people to save themselves. The publication of articles and accounts of the experience in the Tribune led to the release of 12 patients who were not mentally ill, to a reorganization of the staff and administration of the institution, and eventually, to a change in the lunacy laws.
With their massive resources and economies of scale, large corporations offered the United States advantages that smaller companies could not offer. Another theme was building an Efficiency movement in every sector that could identify old ways that needed modernizing, and that could bring to bear scientific, medical, and engineering solutions.
Progressive era summary
To be sure, the United States took nearly sixteen million men and several thousand women into uniform, fielded a ninety-division ground force, floated a two-ocean navy, built a gigantic strategic bomber fleet, and suffered , military deaths. How did the Americans manage to fight a war so different from the war that so horribly punished so many other peoples? These reforms arose from the belief that government has an obligation and an interest in protecting and improving the living standards of women and children. Though the war against Germany still had the higher priority, the door now opened for American offensive actions in the Pacific. What could Roosevelt have meant when he linked economic recovery with political disaster? President Wilson; assisted in passing the Clayton Antitrust Act in , this law outlawed unfair practices among businesses, he also supported the creation of the Federal Trade Commission, a government agency that had the right to investigate business practices and issue rulings to prevent businesses from continuing such practices Schultz,,pg. Historian William Leuchtenburg describes the Progressives thusly: The Progressives believed in the Hamiltonian concept of positive government, of a national government directing the destinies of the nation at home and abroad.
They gave birth to other institutions as well, including the Federal Housing Authority FHA and the Federal National Mortgage Association "Fannie Mae" to make mortgage lending more secure, thereby unleashing the money and the energy that made a majority of Americans homeowners and built the suburbs of the Sunbelt after World War II.
Journalists began to respond to the excesses of the Gilded Age toward the end of the period.
Introduction to the progressive era
The old Inquisition had its rack and its thumbscrews and its instruments of torture with iron teeth. The Settlement House Movement The Settlement House movement was a reform that intended for the rich and the poor to live together in interdependent communities. Wells was a skilled, persuasive rhetorician who traveled internationally on lecture tours. After in-depth surveys, local and even state governments were reorganized to reduce the number of officials and to eliminate overlapping areas of authority among departments. By , some thirteen million Americans were out of work, one out of every four able and willing workers in the country. Modernization of society, they believed, necessitated the compulsory education of all children, even if parents objected. These and other settlement houses inspired the establishment of settlement schools to serve isolated rural communities in Appalachia. Jacob Riis Children: Jacob Riis documented the hard life encountered by many immigrants and the poor in the city.
These reforms arose from the belief that government has an obligation and interest in protecting and improving the living standards of women and children. They passed the Fair Labor Standards Act, abolishing at last the scourge of child labor and establishing minimum wage guarantees.
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