Mandela considered it as " Apartheid, literally translated from Afrikaans, means apartness Mandela He helped start and lead some of the riots and protests that led to black rights, and he spent a long time in prison to pay for it.
Nelson Mandela played a critical role in bringing democracy to South Africa. Shakespeare still has enormous cultural currency in South Africa as elsewhere; English has always been a language of power in the region, a situation whose continuance is unaffected by the recognition of 11 official languages Not only did apartheid separate whites from non-whites, it also segregated the Blacks Africans from the Coloreds Indians, Asians.
After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power inthe social custom of apartheid was systematized under law.
While racism did factor into later practices of Apartheid, racism was merely a byproduct of the social and cultural effects of the institution